Terrier

 
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(The actual Terrier begins with the township or “Villa” of Glastonbury, which I translate in full, as printed by Hearne.)

GLASTON.

Terrier of all the lands and tenements there, together with the liberties and customs, boun­daries, revenues, and heriots of the said Manor as followeth, made in March of the eighth year of King Henry VIII., and the twenty-fourth of Abbot Richard Bere’s Abbacy, March, 1517, before Dom Thomas Sutton, Estates Bursar, on the evidence of William Parker, senior, Walter Collis, William Hutchings, senior, William Harris, Richard Brodribb, Thomas More, John Holden the hay-ward and the other tenants of the Lord Abbot then and there summoned for the purpose of making the said Terrier and examined one by one, following the special perambulation and survey made on the spot and duly approved:—

 

 

Township.—In the township of Glaston there is a certain Hall or Tribunal newly con­structed by Richard the Lord Abbot that now is, for the holding of sheriff’s tourns and Courts of Session and County Courts and the Courts of the Justice of the Peace within the liberty of the XII. Hides; and under the said Hall there is a gaol for keeping prisoners in custody within the same.

It is the sheriff’s duty to hold tourns there each year, once at Lady Day and once at Michaelmas; and at each such tourn, that is twice a year, all the freemen resident within the XII. Hides are bound to give attendance. 

Tithe is due and paid twice yearly at the said tourns to the common stock from the following tithings as followeth, that is to say:—

Panborough ...........................     4/-.

Northload..............................     3/-.

(Meare  no  tithe,  but  must pay suit at the said tourns.)

(Wootton & Westhay, ditto.)

West Pennard.........................   12/-.

(Bradley—Suit only, as above)

Baltonsborough ......................     8/-.

East Street   ...........................     2/-.

Edgarley   ..............................     6/-.

Annual total income of the common stock at the said tourns—35/-.

The reeve of the XII. Hides holds his petty sessions once a month.

There are in the said town two Coroners appointed by the Lord Abbot and removeable at his pleasure. It is their duty to inquire into all mishaps within the XII. Hides, to take the oaths of evildoers (that they will get them hence), and to bring them before the court, as often as may be necessary; and to bring before the itinerant Justices and other Justices within the XII. Hides all orders of the Crown and all other matters relating to their office of Coroner, for deposition and record.

Item, there is a weekly market in the said town every Tuesday in the year.

Item, there is a portmoot due and held in the said town twice a year, namely at Lady Day and Michaelmas, to which all yard-sticks, weights and measures of all those that buy and sell within the XII. Hides must be brought, and they must be then and there assayed and approved. And at the said portmoot all they that sell bread and beer contrary to regulations must be brought up and punished—time after time, if necessary; that is, if they prove contumacious.

Item, there was a customary Fair on St. Dunstan’s day, May 19; but this is discontinued.

Item, there was a customary Fair on the day of the raising of the Cross, 14th September, but this too is discontinued.

Item, there is a customary Fair on the Tor on the feast of the Nativity of the B.V.M., 8th September. It lasts a week and it pays toll—26/8 a year.

Item, there is a customary Fair at Michaelmas.

Item, there are eight new buildings there— meat - markets and stalls. And they pay Market tolls 23/4.

Item, there is a toll on ale, payable by all brewers, and the estimated annual value thereof is    .    .    .

Item, there is a grange with a barn, a pig-stye, a dove-cote and a slaughter-house—two-and-a half acres in all.

Item, adjoining the said Barn there is a close called Upper Mead, 1 acre 4 perches. In Southfield there are three closes containing 21 acres 3½  perches, whereof 8½ acres are in the east close, 7 acres 1 perch and a sheep-fold in the west, and 6 acres in the south close which is called Cooper’s close.

The Cellarer’s Meadow.—There are two closes called Reedmead, 25 acres. Two in Summerleaze, 30 acres. In what is called “40 acres” there are 35. In Westrates 18½ acres. In Eastrates 13½ acres. In the south part of the “Hundred acres,” 18 acres; in Middle Close in the Hundred acres, 32 acres 3 perch; and in the north close thereof, 21½ acres.  

Glebe Meadow.—Item, there is a pasture of glebe-land, called Broadmead, containing 16 acres, and another called Broad Brindham, in the hands of the Abbot, containing 26½ acres. 

Arable Glebe.—Item, arable glebe-land: 14 acres in Tor field; and 27 acres in Eastfield, lately in the tenancy of Edward Chapel. 16 acres in Tor Field, and approximately 16 acres on the north of Wick Hill, and approximately 12 acres on the same slope at Chapel Furlong, and twelve more on the same slope at Brook Furlong, lately in the tenancy of John Gyott, 3 acres in Tor Field, 7 acres on the north slopes at Pitt Furlong, lately in the tenancy of John Parker. 18 acres in Tor Field at Avylond, and 7 acres in the same at Deadland, lately in the tenancv of John Gryce and John Jefferies. 12 acres in Tor Field at Ashwell and 18 acres of pasture at Broadmead, lately in the tenancy of John Jefferies; and 3 acres of pasture in the close adjoining the Abbot’s Byre at Norwood, and 18 acres of pasture at Painsmoor (tenant not named). 

Norwood Park.—The part of the park South of the road extending from the Lodge to the Load gate, contains 331 acres. The other part contains 430 acres.  

Meadowland.—In Pains Mead, 11 acres. Westmoor mead, 8 acres. Southmoor, 17 acres. Pinning 13½ acres.    Hawcroft (outside the park) 15½ acres. Holemead, 15 acres-Painsmoor, 18 acres. Picardene, 17 acres, New-mead, 18 acres, Eastmoor, 35 acres of which 20 are planted with alder. In Middlemoor, 53 acres, a part of which is alder. In Stoodley, 23 acres 3 perches, part of it alder. Morene, 11 acres 3 perches, and 2 acres of osier. In Broad Splotts, 15 acres and 3 perches, and 3 perches of osier. In Long Splotts, 15 acres and 2 acres of osier. Westmoor, within the said park    .    .    .

Item, there is a building called “Day-house” with a barn, 3½ perches, and two closes attached to the same, 10 acres, 1 perch of common land.

Sheep-pen.—Item, outside Norwood park is “the sheep-pen,” now called the New Dairy, and two closes attached to the same, whereof one called Barrow’s close, contains 8 acres, and the other called Sheep-pen, 2 acres.

Wyrral Park.—(No details.) 

Vineyards.—Item, there is a plot of land called the Vineyards, south of Wyrral Park and lying under it, very pleasantly situated and containing 5 closes, altogether    .    . 

Sharpham Park.-—Item, there is a park called Sharpham Park, containing together with the closes within the boundaries thereof 322 acres, wherein Richard the Lord Abbot has now newly erected a most handsome Manor House at his own charges, complete with Chapel, dining rooms, bedrooms,- cellars, kitchen, and the usual offices, with a stone front, and a metal-topped oak paling, together with an orchard and fishpond. In this park 400 deer and 40 cattle can be grazed. 142 acres can be mown each year, and they are worth £7 12s. The undergrowth is not assessed, because it is reserved for the Abbot’s use and profit. 

Moors.—Item, there is a moor called Hulk-moor (alder bushes), 273 acres. 

Item, there is another moor called Heathmoor (heath), 800 acres of which belong to Glaston, including various farms as set out in the ordinary accounts. 

Item, there is a moor called Southmoor or Aller moor, 1040 acres, in which the different tenants have common rights of pasture. All the fuel belongs to the Abbey. Formerly it was not possible to hunt in Southmoor because the alders were so thick and the moor was so boggy, as the old records plainly show. The Butleigh tenants now hunt one part of it and the Street tenants the other. It lies within the 12 hides. 

There is another common moor called North-moor, 640 acres. 

There is another common moor called Kennard moor, which has been accurately surveyed and contains 430 acres. 

Mills.—There is a new water-mill at North-over newly erected by Richard the Lord Abbot that now is, and it pays £10 a year, whereof 100 shillings are for the maintenance of the poor little women in the almshouses built by the said Abbot within the outer gate of the Abbey, and 10/- for the Abbey chest as tithe for the said mill. . The said mill is now let to Nicholas Baker at a rent of £10. 

Item, there is another mill called Beckery Mill, the rent of which is only £9  10s. plus tithe paid to the Abbey chest 10/-. 

Item, there is a new fulling mill newly erected by Richard the Lord Abbot that now is.    Rent 20/-. 

Item, there is a tread-mill in the town and it pays yearly    .    .    .

Item, there is a windmill on the hill above the said town, now let to Richard Dobber at 26/8. . . .

 

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